In Article 5, the GDPR (General Data Protection Regulation) outlines key principles at the heart of the universal data protection system. These fore-principles are clear out straight at the start of the GDPR, and they create direct and indirect influence on the rest of the legislation’s regulations and duties. As a result, for controllers, compliance with these fundamental data protection principles is the first step in ensuring that they satisfy their GDPR duties. The following is a quick rundown of the Data Protection Principles mentioned in Article 5 of the GDPR:
Transparency, legality, and fairness: Any processing of personal data should be legal and equitable. Individuals should know how their data is collected, used, consulted, or otherwise processed. As well as the degree to which their data is or will be treated. The concept of transparency demands that all information and communications connected to the processing of personal data be freely available and understandable and that clear and simple language be used.
Purpose Limitation: Personal data should only be gathered for specific, explicit, and legal objectives and should not be further processed in a way that contradicts those aims. Personal data processing aims, in particular, should be explicit and reasonable, and should be indicated at the time of data acquisition.
Further processing to archive in the public interest, scientific or historical research, or statistical purposes (as defined in Article 89(1) GDPR) is not considered incompatible with the original purposes.
Data minimization: Processing of personal data must be efficient, suitable, and limited to what is necessary for the objectives for which they are being processed. Personal data should only be processed if there is no other reasonable way to achieve the processing’s goal. This entails, in particular, ensuring that the term of personal data retention is reduced to a minimal minimum (see also the ‘Storage Limitation’ section).
Accuracy: Controllers shall guarantee that personal data is correct and, if required, maintained up to date, taking all reasonable steps to ensure that erroneous personal data is destroyed or rectified as soon as possible, considering the purposes for which they are processed. Controllers, in particular, should keep meticulous records of the data they acquire or receive, as well as the source of that data.
Limitation on Data Storage: Personal data shall only be maintained in a form that allows data subjects to be identified for as long as is required for the purposes for which they are processed. To guarantee that personal data is not stored longer than required, the controller should establish time limitations for deletion or periodic review.
Integrity and Confidentiality: Personal data should be processed in a way that provides proper security and confidentiality, including safeguards against unauthorised or illegal access to or use of personal data and processing equipment and accidental loss, destruction, or damage by implementing adequate technological or organisational safeguards.
Accountability: Finally, the controller is responsible for adhering to all of the Data mentioned above data protection principles and must verify compliance. Controllers must accept responsibility for their personal data processing and how they comply with the GDPR and show their compliance (via suitable records and procedures), in particular to the DPC.
These were seven key basics of General Data Protection and how they keep your privacy safe.